Freckles vs. Melasma: How to Differentiate?

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is the complication of skin where certain areas get darken due to an increased amount of melanin. In response to sun exposure skin can stimulate melanin production. Hormonal fluctuation, acne, burns, and cuts are also responsible for hyperpigmentation. There are different types of hyperpigmentation we are able to see including melasma, black spot, freckles.

Melasma is a very common skin problem of an adult above 30 ages where light to dark brown pigmentation generate mainly on your skin face.

Freckles are tanned flat spot that develops due to sun’s UV exposure for longer period of time..

In this article, we are going to give you the concept and basic difference between freckles and melasma

What are freckles?

Freckles are small spots on your skin, it generally appears brown and dark brown. The main reason for freckles are sun exposure, UVA, and UV B. Usually, freckles are harmless. It happens due to the overproduction of melanin which is the main pigment component of our hair color and skin. Dermatologist concludes that freckles come from UV radiation stimuli.

They differentiate the freckles into two different categories like ephelides and solar lentigines. Ephelifes is a general kind of freckles. Women generally have Ephelides. On the other hand, lentigines are the dark patches that develop at growing age and adulthood. Lentigines are the type of freckles. It can be considered sunspots and age spots. It may seem both kinds of freckles are similar but there is plenty of difference in etymology and development.

How do you get freckles?

Ephelides are the sort of spots that generally creates from long haul sun openness and burn from the sun. They might seem who don’t shield their skin from UV beams. It can be shown on your skin, face, back, upper arm. This sort of spots is the most widely recognized among individuals with lighter skin individuals. With brown hair color.

Individuals of Asian plummet and Caucasians are more inclined to ephelides spots.

Solar lentigines: It is slightly different from ephelides, it has the tendency to appear in Caucasians and people above 40 ages.

What enhance your chance for freckles?

Freckles can be developed due to genetic or environmental reasons. Any kind of light exposure and burning intensify the growth of freckles. A scientific study has been performed with 523 middle-aged women, two body elements are responsible for the growing freckles: Frequent sunburn and gene MC1R are highly responsible for growing melanin. But everyone is not affected by the activated MC1R.

People with light skin produces more amount of Pheomelanin, and does not protect from UV radiation, and elevates the following symptoms:


  • Red or blonde hair
  • Freckles
  • Light skin
  • Skin which is poorly tanned


People with higher Eumelanin provide protection against UV rays:


  • Black hair or brown hair
  • Darker hair
  • Skin tans rapidly

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a very common skin disease. You can see discolored patches, dark patches on your skin. Dermatologists termed it as Chloasma or “ Mask of Pregnancy”. It can happen to pregnant women. This is a very usually consequence in women of childbearing age. Melasma is the skin problem of women rather than men. As per the American Academy of Dermatology major number of women suffer from Melasma.

Symptoms of melasma

Melasma is responsible for discoloration and brown patches. The patches are usually darker than your natural skin color. It is generally symmetrical with marks on both sides of the cheeks. Another part of your body often exposed to UV rays can lead to melasma.

Melasma appears on the cheeks, forehead, chin, bridges of the nose. It may appear on the forearm and neck. The skin discoloration is not harmful. But the problem is that you may feel self-conscious about this. When you see the signs of melasma contact your nearby dermatologist professionals who will diagnose your skin problems from the grassroots level,

Cause and risk factors of melasma

It isn’t thoroughly clear what causes melasma. Hazier-cleaned people are more in danger than those with a light complexion. Estrogen and progesterone affectability are additionally connected with the condition. This implies anti-conception medication pills, pregnancy, and chemical treatment would all be able to trigger melasma. Stress and thyroid sickness are likewise thought to be reasons for melasma.

Also, sun openness can cause melasma since bright beams influence the cells that control shade (melanocytes).

The difference between freckles and Melasma?

Melasma shows up as pot-like patches which likewise have sharp edges as a rule. The vast majority have this skin irregularity in their cheeks, upper lip, or brow regions. Melasma typically comes as dull brown specks which makes it more perceptible than spots. Openness to UV light can cause it.

Freckles have a little size and they don’t have sharp edges. They frequently show up because of tanning on the grounds that the skin produces melanin more than typical when presented to the daylight for quite a while. Individuals with explicit qualities might have them; they might evaporate in the colder time of year season.

Leading laser skincare clinic Dubai offers effective treatment for both Melasma and freckles both. You can opt for laser treatment for effective and fast results.


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